How to recognize and how to treat mycoplasmosis in men
An acute inflammatory disease provoked by infectious microorganisms, mycoplasmas, is called mycoplasmosis. Symptoms and methods of treating it in men are well known to venereologists and infectious disease specialists, since the disease is very common and dangerous.
Its consequences not only disrupt the functioning of the genitourinary system, but can also cause infertility in the stronger sex, as well as many other serious consequences.
Reasons for development
Mycoplasmosis in men develops when the bacterium Mycoplasma genitalium enters the body . In fact, these are parasites that live only in the human body and feed on the cells of the epithelium that covers the urethra. These microorganisms are conditionally pathogenic: they can live in the body for a long time without showing themselves. Activation usually occurs when the microflora is disturbed caused by contact with other parasites: chlamydia, ureaplasmas , fungi.
The only reason that bacteria enter the body is an intimate relationship with a carrier of the infection without the use of vaginal or anal barrier contraceptives. When kissing, oral sex or through household items, personal hygiene, mycoplasmas are not transmitted.
Manifestations of the disease
Symptoms and treatment are similar to those of other urinary tract infections. As soon as the patient’s immunity weakens under the influence of certain factors, the activity of bacteria increases, the following manifestations occur:
- weakness, weakness, apathy;
- pain and discomfort when visiting the restroom;
- discomfort during intimacy;
- increased urge to go to the toilet, often false;
- aches in the groin and sacro-lumbar spine;
- redness of the urethral mucosa;
- yellowish discharge from the head of the penis.
Characteristic signs of mycoplasmosis are rashes on the penis and scrotum that itch, as well as pain in the morning in the lower abdomen and perineum. If mycoplasmas live in the genitourinary system for a long time, they affect the internal, distant organs of the reproductive system. Frequent consequences, even in the absence of clear manifestations of the disease, are inflammation of the prostate gland and the components of the scrotum.
It is very important to seek medical help at the first manifestations of the disease. Only a specialist will be able to establish an accurate diagnosis based on the examination and examination, and prescribe effective drugs that can cope with the disease.
IMPORTANT! Do not self-medicate! The causative agents of genitourinary infections are different, and there is no universal remedy that can cope with everyone. An incorrectly selected medicine can lead to a loss of sensitivity of bacteria, then the therapy will become more difficult and lengthy.
Features of therapy and diagnosis
The choice of diagnostic method in men depends on the severity of the symptoms of the disease. If they are pronounced and the doctor does not doubt the preliminary diagnosis, a bacteriological culture will be required. In the case of a blurred clinical picture, additional tests may be needed.
So, taking venous blood for immunological research helps to identify antibodies produced by the defense system to bacteria. The minus of the analysis is low accuracy – about 70%. A more effective method is the differentiation of one type of bacteria from other representatives of harmful microflora. In addition to establishing the presence of mycoplasmas, this study will help identify other associated ailments: ureaplasmosis, chlamydia, thrush, etc. To choose the right treatment, you should establish the type of pathogenic bacteria and their sensitivity to certain groups of drugs.
Therapy is prescribed based on the results of all clinical tests. If mycoplasmosis occurs simultaneously with other genitourinary diseases, they will also need to be treated. To establish the full range of ailments and their possible complications, visual examinations may be required: ultrasound, MRI, CT, etc.
The treatment regimen is similar to the therapy of gardnerellosis and ureaplasmosis. Its basis is broad-spectrum antibiotics, symptomatic drugs, topical agents, and immunomodulators. It is also desirable for the patient to undergo special physiotherapy procedures that a specialist will recommend.
IMPORTANT! Mycoplasmas are not sensitive to all antibiotic substances, therefore, when fighting them, it is very important to determine this aspect, since the choice of the drug and the success of the therapy depend on it.
Treatment and complications
In the treatment of mycoplasmosis in men, tetracycline and macrolide preparations are used , since it is to them that bacteria are most sensitive.
The list of the most popular drugs includes:
- Azithromycin ( Suamed );
- Wilprafen ;
- doxycycline ;
These medicines are produced in the form of tablets and urethral suppositories. Also, the treatment is supplemented with antiseptic solutions for treating the urethra, gels and ointments injected into the urethra. To increase the body’s resistance, vitamin-mineral complexes and special biologically active additives are shown that increase general and local immunity, as well as restore the functioning of the reproductive system.
IMPORTANT! If the course of mycoplasmosis is complicated by other infections or pathologies, therapy will also include drugs to combat them.
It is necessary to be examined and undergo treatment for the sexual partner, since in 99% she is also infected. On average, treatment is carried out for 21 days, after which the patient should retake all the tests to make sure that the disease has been overcome.
If drug treatment is not carried out, the patient develops the following complications:
- urethritis in acute or chronic form;
- dysfunction of the genitourinary system;
- inflammation of the testes and their appendages;
- extinction of reproductive function;
Also, men constantly feel discomfort during intimacy and after sleep. Since most often mycoplasmas do not manifest themselves for a long time, it is possible to detect the disease after it has led to various complications.
In order not to face serious consequences, measures should be taken to prevent the penetration of bacteria into the body. First of all, observe the purity of sexual life, do not have intimate relationships with dubious partners, use a condom until there is confirmation that the partner is “clean”.
It is also important to increase the body’s resistance to infections. The best way to strengthen the immune system is a healthy lifestyle. Sports, proper and balanced nutrition, and the rejection of bad habits will make the immune defense strong and durable.
You can take vitamins or use traditional medicine recipes: herbal decoctions can compete with expensive medicines designed to strengthen the immune system. A place should be given to rest: good sleep, regular relaxation of the body, a healthy psycho-emotional state are also important for overall health.